What is Myopia?
Short-Sightedness otherwise known as Myopia occurs when objects close up are clear but objects further away appear blurred. There has been a rapid increase in younger children before the age of 10 and adults up to the age of 25. The prescription is likely to be higher the younger the child is when first diagnosed with Myopia, and this risk increases if either parent is also Myopic, but there is a 25% chance even if there is no family history of Myopia. There also certain lifestyle factors that can increase the risk of Myopia such as children who participate in close up work activities such as the use of digital devices or reading.
There is an increased risk of developing a serious condition such as glaucoma or retinal detachment if there is a high degree of Myopia, although any amount of myopia can increase this risk.
New interventions have been developed to attempt to slow and limit the progression of Myopia in the developmental period and the sooner interventions are put in place it is very likely the prescription will be able to be kept at modest levels.
Until now there has been no cure for kids and young adults with Myopia who are dependent on spectacles or contact lenses to help in correcting their vision.
By helping your child, you can control the environmental factors that may affect their development of Myopia.
Make sure your child has regular eye tests. These are available under the NHS for all children under the age of 16 and for full time students under the age of 19.
Make sure your child is not having too much screen time and having regular breaks from close tasks.
Having good posture helps in creating a good working distance from close-up tasks.
Make sure your child has plenty of exercise outdoors.
To tackle your myopia management, we can offer you three solutions:
Ortho K (Orthokeratology) – Available at our sister practice, Oakwood Eyecare, these are contact lenses you wear overnight that reshape your cornea to allow you to clearly see. Moving forward, you will not need to wear contact lenses or spectacles during the day.
MiSight soft daily contact lenses – These have been developed to slow down the progression of Myopia. Most children find these contacts a suitable option as they are comfortable to wear and easy to handle. Wearing them frequently throughout the week for most of the day will result in slowing down the progression of Myopia.
MIYOSMART (NEW) – These revolutionary new spectacle lenses were launched in 2021 as an alternative to wearing contact lenses to managing the progression of Myopia.
All three of the above options has proven to reduce the rate of Myopia progression by an average of 50% to 60%. There is the bonus of reducing short-sightedness in children from the first day. The sooner we diagnose short-sightedness, the sooner we can slow down the progression and correct their vision.
Contact us to discuss the best option for your child.